Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) Muscle Location and Trigger Points


Although the SCM muscles are located toward the front of the neck, this is rarely where the pain is felt. 

Trigger Points in the SCM mainly refer pain into the head, the jaw, and the sternum.

SCM Referred Pain Patterns

Headaches in the front of the head, as well as accompanying facial pain, are usually from the SCM.  This muscle can also refer pain to the sinuses, the teeth, and the tongue.  SCM Trigger Points can affect the inner ear, causing balance problems such as dizziness, fainting, staggering, or even falling.  There can also be hearing loss and ear pain.

Finally, SCM Trigger Points can cause eye problems such as drooping eyelids, watery eyes, and reddening.

SCM Stretch

Sit on chair.  Grasp seat of chair with right hand.
Place left hand on head and gently pull head toward the left shoulder.  Maintain pressure and turn head to the right, until a stretch is felt.
Hold for 10-15 seconds.
Repeat for other side.
Repeat cycle three times, at least three times daily.


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